Abstract Types

CRA
Clinical Review Abstract

LBA
Late-Breaking Abstract

TPS
Trials in Progress Abstract

e
Abstracts selected for publication but not presentation at the Annual Meeting

^
Abstracts granted an exception in accordance with ASCO's Conflict of Interest Policy



Response assessment of novoTTF-100A versus best physician’s choice chemotherapy in recurrent glioblastoma.

Sub-category:
CNS Tumors

Category:
Central Nervous System Tumors

Meeting:
2013 ASCO Annual Meeting

Abstract No:
2080

Citation:
J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl; abstr 2080)

Publication-only abstracts (abstract number preceded by an "e"), published in conjunction with the 2013 Annual Meeting but not presented at the Meeting, can be found online only.

Author(s): Eric Wong, Edwin Lok, Kenneth D. Swanson, Shiva Gautam, Herbert H. Engelhard, Frank S. Lieberman, Sophie Taillibert, Zvi Ram, John L. Villano, on behalf of the EF-11 Trial Investigators; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA; University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL; University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, Pittsburgh, PA; Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital-Pierre et Marie Curie Paris VI University, Paris, France; Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY

Abstract Disclosures


Abstract:

Background: The NovoTTF-100A device emits tumor treating electric fields and was tested against Best Physician’s Choice (BPC) chemotherapy in a randomized phase III trial. We analyzed post hoc the characteristics of responders and non-responders in both cohorts. Methods: Macdonald criteria were used to determine tumor response and progression. Kaplan-Meier and Chi-squared statistics were computed for time to response, response duration, progression-free survival (PFS) with and without Simon-Makuch correction, and overall survival (OS). Prognostic factors were compared using the Wilconox rank sum test. Relative hazard rates for responders and non-responders were plotted. Results: The median response duration was 7.3 versus 5.6 months for NovoTTF-100A and BPC chemotherapy respectively (p=0.0009). Five of 14 NovoTTF-100A responders but none of 7 BPC responders had prior low-grade histology. The mean cumulative dexamethasone dose was 35.9 mg for responders versus 485.6 mg for non-responders in the NovoTTF-100A cohort (p<0.0001) as compared to 525.6 mg for responders and 431.0 mg for non-responders in the BPC cohort (p=0.9520). Hazard rate analysis showed delayed tumor progression in responders compared to non-responders. The Simon-Makuch conditional plot, which adjusted for unequal progression-free states, still showed longer PFS in responders than non-responders treated with NovoTTF-100A (χ2=11.5, P=0.0007) or BPC chemotherapy (χ2=5.2, P=0.0222). The median OS was 24.8 months for responders that is longer than 6.2 months for non-responders treated with NovoTTF-100A (χ2=25.7, P<0.0001). In the BPC chemotherapy cohort, the median OS was 20.0 months for responders and 6.8 months for non-responders (χ2=5.1, P=0.0235). There was strong Pearson correlation between response and OS in NovoTTF-100A (P<0.0002) but not in BPC cohort (P=0.2952). Conclusions: Response duration, adjusted Simon-Makuch PFS and OS favor NovoTTF-100A over BPC chemotherapy. Data on prior low-grade histology and dexamethasone dose suggest potential genetic and epigenetic determinants of NovoTTF-100A response. Clinical trial information: NCT00379470.

 

  Other Abstracts in this Sub-Category:

 

1. RTOG 0825: Phase III double-blind placebo-controlled trial evaluating bevacizumab (Bev) in patients (Pts) with newly diagnosed glioblastoma (GBM).

Meeting: 2013 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 1 First Author: M. R. Gilbert
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors - CNS Tumors

 

2. Bevacizumab, irinotecan, and radiotherapy versus standard temozolomide and radiotherapy in newly diagnosed, MGMT-nonmethylated glioblastoma patients: First results from the randomized multicenter GLARIUS trial.

Meeting: 2013 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: LBA2000 First Author: U. Herrlinger
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors - CNS Tumors

 

3. A randomized phase II study of bevacizumab versus bevacizumab plus lomustine versus lomustine single agent in recurrent glioblastoma: The Dutch BELOB study.

Meeting: 2013 ASCO Annual Meeting Abstract No: 2001 First Author: W. Taal
Category: Central Nervous System Tumors - CNS Tumors

 

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