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Prognostic factors and outcome of atypical and anaplastic meningioma with and without radiation.
Central Nervous System Tumors
2013 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl; abstr 2083)
Author(s): Hannah Yoon, Irene B. Helenowski, Karthikeyan Perumal, MaryAnne H. Marymont, James Chandler, Bernard R. Bendok, Joshua M. Rosenow, Minesh P. Mehta; Northwestern Memor Hosp - McGaw Medical Center, Chicago, IL; Northwestern University Department of Preventive Medicine, Chicago, IL; University of Wisconsin, Department of Neurological Surgery, Madison, WI; Northwestern Memorial Hospital, Chicago, IL; Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD
Background: We evaluated outcome and prognostic factors for high grade meningioma (G2-3) and the role of early post-operative radiotherapy (RT). Methods: From 2000 to 2010, 136 patients were diagnosed with G2-3 meningioma at Northwestern: 124 with atypical (G2) and 12 with anaplastic (G3) meningioma. All were treated with or without RT after initial or subsequent resection. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS). Results: 21 patients received adjuvant RT, and 115 did not. Median PFS for G2 with and without RT was 68 vs.89 mos. Median PFS for G3 with and without RT was not reached=nr (mean 5) vs.60 mos (mean 35). Median PFS for Simpson G1-3 with and without RT was 18 vs.96 mos. Median PFS for Simpson G4 with and without RT was nr (mean 55) vs.59 mos (mean 44). For median follow-up of 33 mos for Simpson G1-3 and 29 mos for G4, recurrence rate for Simpson G1-3 with and without RT was 40 vs.6%, and for Simpson G4 with and without RT, 9 vs.31%. 3-yr OS for G2 with and without RT was 93 vs.94%. 3-yr OS for G3 with and without RT was 80 vs.80%. In multivariate analysis, G3 histology and Simpson grade were predictive for relapse, while brain invasion, mitoses, adjuvant RT, and location of tumor were not. For those who received adjuvant RT, mean dose of external beam radiation (EBRT) in 2 patients was 58 Gy, while mean dose of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in 15 patients was 15 Gy. 51% EBRT patients recurred, while 22% SRS patients recurred (p = 0.45). Median PFS with EBRT was 43 vs.51 mos for SRS (p = 0.34). Patients were maldistributed between the with and without RT arms in terms of brain invasion, extent of resection, and G3 histology. Conclusions: Patients who received RT had lower PFS compared to those who did not; survival was comparable. This may be due to inherent selection bias for patients with more aggressive disease getting adjuvant RT. Our study may be underpowered to determine the true role of RT in G2-3 meningioma. Patients with subtotal resection, Simpson G4, who received RT had fewer recurrences and higher PFS compared to those who did not. 3-yr OS was equivalent in both G2 and G3 tumors with and without RT. G3 histology and Simpson grade were predictive for relapse while brain invasion, mitoses, adjuvant RT, and location of tumor were not.
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