Clinical Review Abstract
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Shifting revenue from drug sales to cognitive services: Impact on physician prescribing behavior.
Outcomes and Quality of Care
Health Services Research
2013 ASCO Annual Meeting
J Clin Oncol 31, 2013 (suppl; abstr 6629)
Author(s): Bruce A. Feinberg, Joseph Cooper, Winston Wong, Daniel Winn, Tim Olson, Ram Swarup Trehan, Jeffrey A. Scott; Cardinal Health Specialty Solutions, Dublin, OH; CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield, Baltimore, MD; CareFirst BlueCross Blue Shield, Baltimore, MD; Greater Washington Oncology Associates, Rockville, MD
Background: Extensive literature has cited fee-for-service physician reimbursement methodology as a critical driver of resource utilization constituting overtesting, overtreatment, and an impediment to bending the cost curve in cancer care. CareFirst BlueCross BlueShield (CFBCBS) partnered with Cardinal Health Specialty Solutions to launch the first cancer clinical pathway in the US in Aug 2008. Physician participation was voluntary and reimbursement remained fee-for-service. Due to its early success with regard to savings and physician participation and compliance, an oncology medical home (MH) program was piloted in Jan 2011 offering a new physician reimbursement model, which shifted the source of revenue from margin on drug sales to cognitive services. This would allow physicians to focus on optimal patient (pt) care without the financial incentive to prescribe chemotherapy (chemo). We analyzed physician behavior modification after this change in reimbursement structure 1 year after implementation of the MH program. Methods: Practices that participated in the first pathways program were eligible to join the MH program. Claims data from CFBCBS were collected from Apr 2010 to Mar 2012. New and established pt visits, chemo administrations (admins) per pt and per practice, and % generic drug use were compared for year +1 versus year -1 of the MH program. Results: Fourteen practices (31 physicians, 478 pts) joined the MH program. In year +1, new pt visits increased by 2.7%, visits per established pt increased 1%, chemo admins per pt increased by 3%, and the percentage of regimens utilizing all generic drugs increased by 3.9%. Conclusions: Switching financial incentives from drug administration toward cognitive services did not significantly alter physician behavior with regard to the type or frequency of chemo admins or the frequency of pt visits. Whether this is because the physicians were mature pathways participants, influenced by brand-name prescription drug detailing, following National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines, or influenced by cognitive dissonance is speculative. Assumptions regarding fee-for-service reimbursement may not be applicable to chemo and will be further studied.
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